Migrants’ Decision-Making in the Context of Shifting Migration Regimes: Highly Skilled Healthcare Professionals
This project develops knowledge and understanding of migrants’ decision-making in the context of shifting migration regimes, focusing on highly skilled healthcare professionals (HCPs), such as doctors and nurses. Migration regimes globally are in flux as governments respond to multiple challenges. A common challenge across high-income countries (HICs) is plugging labour-market gaps. Healthcare represents one sector with significant current and future labour demand. Increasingly countries are engaged in a ‘global race for talent’ to attract highly skilled HCPs. Understanding what matters to migrants themselves – i.e. what underpins their decision-making - is a critical, yet overlooked, dimension for governments in destination countries to consider as they re-work their migration policies. It is also important for governments in countries of origin. These predominantly low- and lower-middle-income countries are experiencing significant shortages of HCPs, partly because of outward migration. This jeopardises their capacity to meet their own populations’ healthcare needs and to achieve the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).